Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. It is known that there are about three hundred species of helminths in the world. Worms parasitize the internal organs, affecting them and causing various diseases.
The eggs of parasites enter the human body in several ways.
- Contact is one of the most common ways to penetrate the human body. Infectious helminthiasis is transmitted in violation of the rules of personal hygiene (unwashed hands).
- Geohelminthosis. The larvae enter the soil or water with the feces of sick animals or by transmitting insects. Flies are the main carrier of infection. Also, the source of the invasion is direct contact with a sick animal, through feces, saliva or wool.
- Biohelminthosis. Infection occurs through food. Worm eggs enter the body through unwashed vegetables, fruits, eggs. Eating undercooked meat, fish and seafood also leads to invasion.
- transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through insect bites.
Signs of worms
You can identify a person with the disease by using the following symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- bloating, flatulence;
- violation of the chair;
- allergic rashes on the body;
- weight changes;
- chronic fatigue syndrome.
If these symptoms occur, you should immediately contact your doctor, who will issue a referral for tests, will diagnose the disease.
Treatment of worms
It is not possible to immediately detect the presence of the disease. The latency period can last for years. Once diagnosed, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed by a specialist who conducts a series of tests to identify the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. A specific course of treatment will be prescribed for each type of parasite. Self-medication in this case is contraindicated. In the acute form of the disease the doctor prescribes infusions, injections.
Anthelmintic treatment is not always effective, so the course of therapy is repeated after a few weeks. During treatment, some of the helminth worms die and pass through the feces.
The treatment of worms has an integrated approach, including immunotherapy and the use of antibacterial drugs. All family members should undergo a preventive course against helminthiasis.