More than 250 species of different parasites can survive in the human body! According to statistics cited by the WHO, about 4. 5 billion people are infected with parasites, and this figure includes not only residents of Third World countries, it has been found that more than 30% of all Europeans are carriers. to live in peace and not even suspect that the intruders have already settled in his body. So maybe they are safe because they are not disturbing? But even taking this into account, it is necessary to be able to identify the parasites, to determine their type and to understand how parasites are treated and what inattention can turn into.
Why can parasites start?
How do parasites appear in the human body, after all, they can not come from the air? In fact, the mechanism of infection is simple - most often unwashed hands cause infection, from where the larvae enter the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), where they successfully become adults and remain in the human body, swallowing everything safely. -the most valuable in it: vitamins and minerals. . .
In some cases, the parasite reaches a person through sexual contact. In this way you can get trichomoniasis, pinworms and plaques (popularly - pubic lice). There is a high risk of infection from pets and personal hygiene items (towels, towels).
It is easy to see that the causes of parasites in the body are quite prosaic. In most cases, children are infected unless the infection is sexually transmitted, of course.
We understood the reasons, now we will understand what signs of parasites in the body will tell you that you need to start treatment.
How to determine the presence of parasites in the body?
If the vital activity of the "neighbors" is asymptomatic, then some signs of parasites in the human body can still be detected without special diagnosis. These signs include:
- Swelling of the abdomen;
- General weakness, as the body does not receive important substances, providing them with parasites;
- White discharge in women indicates trichomoniasis;
- Developmental delay in children;
- The appearance of allergic rashes and dermatitis on the skin;
- Mental exhaustion with prolonged infection.
Although these signs are only indirect indications of the presence of parasites, they can be a powerful reason for a complete diagnosis.
For many years, the diagnosis of parasites in the human body was limited to stool analysis for the presence of roundworm eggs. This approach allowed to determine the infection only in the last stage of the disease. Currently, the diagnosis has improved significantly. To identify parasites in the body, this type of test is used today:
- ELISA or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Allows you to detect the presence of relevant antibodies;
- ART - vegetative resonance examination;
- Bioresonance therapy.
Private clinics offer more and more new methods of diagnosing parasitosis, so it is very important to consult an immunologist for advice. The specialist will tell you how to check the body for parasites in the most informative way.
It is very important to identify the presence of parasites in a timely manner, their prolonged stay in the body can have a detrimental effect on human life. There are often cases when the infection is fatal.
Are all parasites harmful to humans?
Recently, scientists have begun to study the relationship between autoimmune disorders and the vital activity of parasitic worms. The conclusions reached by the American researchers were shocking!
It turned out that parasites living in the human body can also be useful by stimulating the immune system.
For many centuries, humans have coexisted with parasites, forming a specific symbiosis. Now that the number of infected people has dropped significantly, people are more susceptible to autoimmune diseases.
Beneficial parasites in the human body activate their own immune regulation, as a result of which the host receives double protection. In this way, intestinal worms are able to suppress inflammatory processes in the body. Research into this relationship continues to this day. It is impossible to predict what other discoveries they will bring.
Types of parasites
All parasites in the human body are conditionally divided into subgroups, according to the nature of their impact on the body. Types of parasites in the human body, as well as the symptoms and treatment of parasites in the human body:
|Name of parasites in humans||Harmful effects||Symptoms||How to kill parasites in the body||Mechanism of infection|
|Helminths||They have a depressing effect on the intestinal microflora. They disrupt the metabolism and prevent the absorption of nutrients.||Skin rash, enlarged lymph nodes, liver and spleen, jaundice, fever.||A number of special anthelmintic drugs are used for treatment.||Through food, common hygiene items, as a result of close contact with animals.|
|Roundworm||They cause the development of a number of diseases of the intestines, gallbladder and lungs.||Low-grade fever, diarrhea (in the initial stage), dry cough, acute allergic reactions.||The parasites die on their own after a year because they cannot reproduce in the body. Anthelmintic drugs are used in treatment.||As a result of poor hygiene.|
|Mushrooms||They can be a trigger for cancer.||White plaque on the mucous membranes, redness and peeling of the skin, itching of the affected area.||Treatment depends on the location of the fungus. Antifungal drugs are available in the form of ointments, medicated shampoos and special treatment solutions.||It is transmitted through common objects. Healthy areas of the infected are affected.|
|Oysters||They have a detrimental effect on the intestines.||Anal itching, allergies, nausea and vomiting.||It is treated with anthelmintic drugs.||Failure to observe personal hygiene, along with food.|
|Garden||Affects the liver of the host.||Digestive disorders, recurrent fever, diarrhea.||Enzyme preparations, choleretic, antibiotics. Antihistamine treatment.||Through household items, along with food.|
|Chlamydia||They contribute to the development of diabetes and infertility, destroy the liver and affect the pancreas.||In women, it is almost asymptomatic - urination may become more frequent. In men, it manifests as urethritis, white discharge and pain when urinating.||Antibiotics Treatment of the sexual partner is mandatory.||Unprotected sexual intercourse. Rarely - through personal hygiene items.|
|Trichomonas||They affect the oral cavity, cause disorders of the genitourinary system and intestines. The host's vascular system also suffers. May provoke oncology.||Cuts when urinating, foamy discharge from the external genitalia of men and women.||Antibiotics, immunomodulators, enzymes. Topical external treatment: women with vaginal disinfectant suppositories, men with antiseptic solution.||Sexually transmitted infections.|
|Toxoplasma||Affects the mucous membranes, causes disorders of the genitourinary system and intestines. Long-term "cohabitation" is fraught with mental retardation.||It is asymptomatic or disguised as various diseases. Revealed with a full review.||Etiotropic treatment, immunomodulators, antihistamines, toxoplasmosis therapy.||Through meat and vegetables. When a pregnant woman is infected, the baby becomes infected in utero. Infection from domestic cats.|
|Fascioliasis||They cause hepatitis and provoke allergic reactions.||Symptoms of allergy occurring against the background of general malaise. The chronic form is characterized by pain in the liver.||Antihistamines, calcium chloride. If complications develop, hepatitis is treated.||Through meat, unwashed herbs and raw water.|
This list of parasites in the human body will help you know when to seek medical help. An infectious disease specialist will prescribe treatment depending on the type of parasite in the human body. You should not delay an appointment with a doctor and wait for complications - any disease is easier to treat in the initial stage.